Testosterone is not only a male hormone, as opposed to what others think. Women have a small portion of the hormone excreted in their system. The hormone is produced in the testes in males and is produced in the ovaries in the case of females.
Whether the hormone is found in the male or the female body, the hormonal composition remains the same. However, hormonal levels make a big difference. More of the testosterone is produced in males than in females.
Sex – Hormone Binding Globulin and the Testosterone
The greatest amount of the hormone blood serum inherently attaches to two different proteins: sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) and albumin. The SHGB is significantly important in maximizing the availability of testosterone.
These days, scientific studies have pointed to the significance and essence of an optimized hormonal profile for both men and women.
Free Testosterone Levels & Boosters
The testes, the male gonads, secrete the testosterone. However, the testicles do not determine when or how much is produced. Testosterone, as the male primary hormone, is responsible for the development of the secondary sex characteristics among males.
The testicles, however, do not determine the amount or time of the secretion of testosterone. The pituitary gland and the hypothalamus are responsible for these.
- The pituitary gland
The pituitary gland, which is considered as the master gland, is responsible for the maintenance and function of all the glands in the endocrine system. It is a raisin – sized gland located at the base of the brain. When the pituitary gland receives orders from the hypothalamus gland to synthesize a certain hormone.
- The hypothalamus gland
The hypothalamus gland is one of the glands of the endocrine system. It oversees homeostasis or appropriate levels of a number of components in the body including hormonal secretion and metabolic processes. The hypothalamus is responsible for sending out signals to the pituitary gland whether to release or inhibit hormone secretion.
Luteinizing Hormones and Testosterone
The testes and the ovaries, the male and the female gonads respectively, get affected by the luteinizing hormone released by the pituitary gland, which sends instructions to the testes to boost production of testosterone.
Testosterone provides a number of other functions other than developing the secondary sex characteristics for males. It is responsible for growth spurts, muscle growth, and bone development. In cases where testosterone levels are low, men have a number of options but the need to resort to therapy or treatment depends upon a doctor’s advice based on lab tests results.
High versus Low Free Testosterone Levels
If your growing concern is you lowering testosterone levels, go see a doctor. Know what the range of the normal testosterone levels is. You can also ask what constitutes free testosterone levels below this rang. You may also ask about the amount of testosterone floating around your bloodstream at that particular time of the day.
Levels of “bound” testosterone are highest in the morning. Free testosterone measurements have a serious impact on one’s sexual traits. For example, an adolescent boy entering puberty will have higher levels of free testosterone, but with aging, the levels naturally drop. If the drop goes beyond what is projected, health issues might have taken place.